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Semi-Active WDM System for 5G Fronthaul Transmission

  • Passive WDM lacks management and protectionLack of management means
  • Weak ability to detect faults in fiber links
  •  No protection for intermediate transmission fiber cores, requiring external OLP for implementation
  • Maintenance of optical modules heavily relies on manual intervention

 

  • Product Detail

Semi-Active WDM System for 5G Fronthaul Transmission

 

 

Product Overview

 

After deploying 5G networks, the density of base stations will be 2 to 4 times that of 4G networks, and fiber constraints will be the main issue faced in 5G fronthaul deployment. To meet the rapid deployment of base stations and effectively save fiber resources in 4G and 5G network deployments, operators have adopted a solution combining WDM multiplexer and colored light modules to achieve low-cost, rapid coverage. However, there are also shortcomings and pain points in practical applications:

 

Solutions using active WDM or OTN technologies can solve the difficulties of network management and primary/backup route selection in optical paths, but they also face challenges such as high costs and difficulties in remote power supply.

 

Based on previous technical accumulations and research on active and passive WDM, and continuous in-depth understanding combined with customer pain points regarding fronthaul equipment carrying demands, Guangzhou Rui Dong has introduced a semi-active WDM as a solution for base station fronthaul.

 

The semi-active WDM solution uses active equipment on the local end and passive equipment on the remote end, facilitating deployment and maintenance. Through local equipment, it supports network management, line protection, and fast OTDR fault location functions. The maintenance methods are convenient and flexible, meeting high reliability requirements. This solution significantly alleviates the pressure on fiber resources, while also balancing cost, management, and protection advantages, thereby assisting operators in low-cost, high-bandwidth, and rapid deployment of 5G fronthaul networks.

 

This solution is suitable for scenarios with tight fiber resources at extended base stations, simple dual-star or bus-type network configurations (covering scenarios such as highways, high-speed railways, tunnels, bridges, etc.). It features colored light modules located on AAU and DU equipment, using WDM technology for transmission to save fiber resources and support OADM up/down wave functions. It can also utilize dual-route fiber cables for fronthaul service protection, while supporting legacy 4G fronthaul fibers, achieving unified fronthaul for 4G/5G.

 

Fig.1 Diagram of a semi-active WDM scheme

 

 

The networking architecture of semi-active wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) can be divided into star and bus topologies according to specific scenarios.

 

 

 

Figure 2 Semi-active WWD-star networking

 

 

Figure 3 Semi-active WDM bus networking

 

 

 

Device view

 

 
 

Local End Equipment FW6600A device (1U4 slot active)

 

Remote Combination and Division Module (Passive)

 
 

Local End Equipment FW6600B  (2U8 slot active)

 

 

 

 

 

19-inch rack (remote cabinet mounting)

 

 
 

Local End Equipment FW6600C (4U16 slot active)

 

 

 

 

 

Outdoor waterproof and dustproof box (remote wall/pole)

 

 

 

Features

 

 

It supports comprehensive access to wireless fronthaul and other services, taking into account wireless fronthaul, private line, and home broadband services, and maximizes the value of fronthaul networks

 

Maximize optical fiber saving, one fiber can carry 9 channels of 4G & 5G fronthaul CPRI/eCPRI services

 

The local side is active and the remote end is passive, and WDM technology is used to extend the physical channel of pure transparent transmission, without delay and jitter introduction

 

It supports the monitoring function of the luminous power of each channel, which is easy to maintain and locate faults

 

It supports 1:1 protection at the optical layer, and the protection switching time is less than 20 ms, improving network reliability

 

The optical-layer protection function card can be selected according to the application scenario, and supports hot-swap and power-off/power-on-hold functions to ensure that the device does not affect service operation in the event of a power-off

 

It supports SNMP, Web and other graphical interface network management

 

Local end equipment active supports AC 220V, DC -48V power supply optional, and 1+1 power input protection

 

The installation method is flexible, the central office equipment supports rack-mounted installation and wall-mounted installation, and the remote equipment supports rack-mounted, pole-mounted and wall-mounted installation, which is easy to install and plug-and-play

 

The remote outdoor device meets the requirements of the IP67 standard and supports pole and wall mounting.

 

 

 

Local End Equipment

 

FW6600A - 1U Chassis

 

1U Chassis Front View

 

 

1U Chassis Back View

 

 

FW6600A is designed with a 1U standard 19-inch rack-mounted plug-in card structure, providing 4 business slots, 1 main control card slot, 1 fan slot, and 2 power slots (at the rear). It uses a front panel outlet method, with all optical interfaces and network management interfaces designed on the front

 

The FW6600A-type 1U chassis has four service slots, and the NMS card occupies one slot, and can be inserted into a maximum of three service cards, which can support convergence in three optical directions.

  

 

 

Technical Specifications of FW6600A 1U Chassis

 

The name of the metric

metrics

Dimensions:

482(W)×44(H)×320(D)(mm)

Weight (fully loaded)

7.5kg

TypicalPowerConsumption

<30W

Protection Features

Hot-swappable NE management card without affecting existing services when failing

StandardOperating Voltage:

DC

-36 V-72V

AC

90V -260V

 

 

 

FW6600B - 2U Chassis

 

 


2U Chassis Front View

 

2U Chassis Back View

 

FW6600B is designed with a 2U standard 19-inch rack-mounted plug-in card structure, providing 8 business slots, 1 main control card slot, 1 fan slot, and 2 power slots (at the rear). It uses a front panel outlet method, with all optical interfaces and network management interfaces designed on the front

 

The FW6600B-type 2U chassis has 8 service slots, and the NMS card occupies 1 slot, and can be inserted into a maximum of 7 service cards, which can support convergence in 7 optical directions.

 

 

 

Technical Specifications of FW6600B 2U Chassis

 

The name of the metric

metrics

Dimensions

486(W)×86(H)×352(D)(mm)

Weight (fully loaded)

13.5kg

TypicalPowerConsumption

<50W

Protection Features

Hot-swappable NE management card without affecting existing services when failing

StandardOperating Voltage:

DC

-36 V-72V

AC

90V -260V

 

 

FW6600C -4U chassis

 


4U chassis front

4U chassis back

 

The FW6600C chassis adopts a 4U standard 19-inch rack-mount and plug-in card structure, and provides 16 service slots, 1 main control board slot, 1 fan slot, and 2 power supply slots in a single chassis. The front panel cable outlet mode is adopted, and all optical interfaces, power supply and network management interfaces are designed on the front

 

The FW6600C-type 4U chassis has 16 service slots, and the NMS card occupies 1 slot, and can insert up to 15 service boards, which can support the convergence of 15 optical directions.

 

 

FW6600C  4U Chassis specifications

 

The name of the metric

metrics

Dimensions

483(W)×178(H)×280(D)(mm)

Weight (fully loaded)

15.5kg

TypicalPowerConsumption

<80W

Protection Features

Hot-swappable NE management card without affecting existing services when failing

StandardOperating Voltage:

DC

-36 V -72V

AC

90V -260V

 

 

 

waves of Local End Equipment Mux&DeMux

 

Functional structure

 

  6 waves of Local End Equipment Mux&DeMux Functional structure (with optical power monitoring and optical protection)

 

 

 

Optical performance indicators

 

parameter

unit

index

Number of channels

 

6

Center wavelength

nm

1271 1291 1311 1331 1351 1371

Center wavelength deviation

nm

±1.5

-1dB channel bandwith

nm

>14

Banding flatness

dB

<0.5

Mux&DeMux Channel insertion loss

dB

<1.5

Mux&DeMux Channel insertion loss uniformity

dB

<1.0

Adjacent channel isolation

dB

>25

Non-adjacent channel isolation

dB

>35

Wavelength Heat stability

nm/

<0.002

Insertion loss heat stability

dB/

<0.007

Polarization-related losses

dB

<0.2

Return loss

dB

≥45

Working temperature

-40+85

Storage temperature

-40+85

Working humidity

 

5%95% RHNo condensation

The number of slots in the chassis

 

1slot

OTDR monitoring port

 

With OTDR monitoring port (wavelength 1625/1650nm) optional

Optical protection

 

It can provide single-fiber main and standby optical path protection

Optical protection switching time

 

20ms

Optical power detection range

 

-50 dBm ~+25dBm

Optical interface

 

LC/UPC

 

 

 

 

 

Indicator light description

 

PriThe main bypass indicator light, the light is on to indicate the main road, and the waiting to go off means the backup road

AutoWorking mode indicator, the light on indicates automatic mode, and the light off indicates manual mode

R1R2The light collection power alarm indicator of the main and backup roads of light protection indicates that the light collection is normal, and the light off indicates that the light collection is abnormal

Button description

SETPress and hold for 5S to switch the working mode, and in automatic mode, short press the button to switch the active and standby routes.

 

 

 

Remote passive WDM

 

Remote 1U rack

 

The remote 1U rack is a 3-slot, 1U-high passive rack, which is suitable for inserting 3 remote combiner splitters, which can realize the compact installation of the remote combiner and splitter and save space in the equipment room. The 1U rack can be installed in a 19-inch cabinet.

Size: 1U, 44 mm (H)× 438 mm (W), × 132 mm (D)

 

Figure 2.2.1 View of a remote 1U rack

 

Remote 3U rack

 

The 3U rack is a 16-slot, 3U-high passive rack, which is suitable for vertically inserting 16 remote combiners and splitters, which can realize the compact installation of remote combiners and save space in the computer room. The 3U rack can fit in a 19-inch cabinet.

Size: 3U, 120 mm (H), 430 mm (W×), × 133 mm (D)

 

 

Figure 2.2.2 Rack view of the remote OPC1000-16

 

 

 

 Remote outdoor boxes

 

The outdoor dust-proof box is a special box for outdoor wall-mounted or pole-mounted remote WDM system, which supports 1 or 2 built-in remote combination splitters, meets the requirements of IP67 standards, has a lightweight structure and is easy to install.

 

Size:365 mm (length)×290mm (width)×100 mm (height)

Figure 2.2.3  View of the remote outdoor dust box

 

 

 

 

waves remote passive WDM Mux&DeMux

 

Product illustration

 

6 waves remote passive WDM Mux&DeMuxoptical protection

 

 

 

Functional structure

 

Functional structure of the remote passive WDM

 

 

Optical performance indicators

 

parameter

unit

index

Number of channels

 

6

Center wavelength

nm

1271 1291 1311 1331 13511371

Center wavelength deviation

nm

±1.5

-1dB channel bandwith

nm

>14

Banding flatness

dB

<0.5

Mux&DeMux Channel insertion loss(without optical protection)

dB

<1.2

Mux&DeMux Channel insertion loss (with Optical Protection)

dB

<4.5

Mux&DeMux Channel insertion loss uniformity

dB

<1.0

Exp interface loss uniformity

dB

<1.2

Adjacent channel isolation

dB

>25

Non-adjacent channel isolation

dB

>35

Wavelength Heat stability

nm/

<0.002

Insertion loss heat stability

dB/

<0.007

Polarization-related losses

dB

<0.2

Return loss

dB

≥45

Working temperature

-40+85

Storage temperature

-40+85

Working humidity

 

5%95% RH, 无凝结

 

 

 

 colourful module

 

colourful module 25G/10km CWDM colourful module

 

Based on the wireless fronthaul passive wavelength division multiplexing system, the 25Gb/s SFP28 CWDM colourful module conforms to the MSA protocol, has the characteristics of low power consumption, small size, multi-rate, etc., is compatible with eCPRI (25G), CPRI 10, 25GE and other network applications, with a maximum transmission distance of up to 10 kilometers, RoHS compliant, and supports digital diagnostic functions.

 

Working temperature

Commercial grade0°C-+70°C

Industrial grade-40°C-+85°C

Storage temperature

Temperature-40°C-+85°C

Humidity5%~95%no condensation

 

 

Optical performance indicators

 

Product model

Tx wavelength

(nm)

Rx wavelength (nm)

Distance

(km)

Tx optical power range

(dBm)

Overload Optical Power (dBm)

Ext (dB)

Receiver Sensitivity (dBm)

RSPD-25GC10--27

1271

1260~1620

10km

0~+6

>+2

>3.5

<-13.8

RSPD-25GC10--29

1291

RSPD-25GC10--31

1311

RSPD-25GC10--33

1331

RSPD-25GC10--35

1351

RSPD-25GC10--37

1371

 

 

 

10G/10km CWDM colourful module

 

The 10Gb/s SFP+ CWDM colourful module based on the wireless fronthaul passive wavelength division multiplexing system conforms to the MSA protocol, has the characteristics of low power consumption, small size, multi-rate, etc., is compatible with CPRI 7/8, 10GE, STM-64 and other network applications, with a maximum transmission distance of up to 10 kilometers, RoHS compliant, and supports digital diagnostic functions.

 

 

Working temperature

Commercial grade0°C-+70°C

Industrial grade-40°C-+85°C

Storage temperature

Temperature-40°C-+85°C

Humidity5%~95%no condensation

 

 

Optical performance indicators

 

Product model

Tx wavelength

(nm)

Rx wavelength (nm)

Distance

(km)

Tx optical power range

(dBm)

Overload Optical Power (dBm)

Ext (dB)

Receiver Sensitivity (dBm)

RSPD-10GC10-27

1271

1260~1620

10km

0~+3

>+1

>4

<-14.4

RSPD-10GC10-29

1291

RSPD-10GC10-31

1311

RSPD-10GC10-33

1331

RSPD-10GC10-35

1351

RSPD-10GC10-37

1371

 

 

 

NMS function

 

The semi-active wavelength division multiplexing system has the management function of central and remote devices, and supports configuration management, fault management, performance management, network topology management and other major functions. The network management function ensures that the requirements of monitoring, management, and production convenience in the overall principles of 5G fronthaul are met.

 The basic functions are as follows

(1)   User and user group management

(2)   User rights management

(3)   System data backup and recovery

(4)   The system has log management function

(5)   The system supports the creation, query, deletion, modification and other management functions of network elements (central office equipment, remote equipment) and other .

  1. NE name
  2. Device classification (local, remote)
  3. Latitude and longitude
  4. Location information, i.e. detailed address (city, station, floor, rack location, etc.)
  5. Software version (central office device)
  6. Remote device information includes device classification (remote end), NE name, latitude and longitude (longitude, latitude), location information, local office device, SN serial number, device model (or PN), device capacity, channel number (start channel number, end channel number), occupied channel number, and manufacturer name. The above field information can be manually entered by OMC or by handheld terminal APP.

(6)   The system supports the statistics and query capabilities of the slots, units, service ports, channels and other parameters of the central office equipment.

(7)   The system supports the configuration management of the central office equipment

  1. Unit card configuration management: You can query and configure service interface disk information, device exit information, software version, board alarms, performance, and running status.
  2. Port configuration management: supports setting and querying port parameters.

(8)   The system supports the query and configuration of protection management

  1. Support setting basic information for line protection, including: protection mode (automatic/manual), automatic recovery waiting time for main and backup channels, etc;
  2. Support querying basic information on line protection, including: working channel/protection channel status (primary, backup), switching events, etc.

(9)   The system supports functions such as alarm query and statistics, alarm confirmation, alarm clearing, alarm shielding, and alarm filtering query.

(10) The system allows users to specify and query network element performance monitoring;

(11) The system supports network topology management;

        Optional SMS alarm function

 

 

 

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